What are Java frameworks?
In general, Java Frameworks come in sets of prewritten code that can be appended to create custom solutions to problems. The structure of an application is dictated and determined by a framework. There are frameworks with much of codes written already – this helps with very little to write an application. Java Frameworks are the substance of programming. The application program is solid, fast, and built best if it is developed on top of a good framework.
Java is one of the most widely used programming languages to develop various mobile and web applications. Java has multiple frameworks that helps developers to build applications easier and faster. There are various reasons for Java to be widely used still being one of the older programming languages. For bigger projects, using java framework helps to lessen the turnaround time and it is highly stable.
Except for Android application development, for all other Java development, the Spring framework is the most popular and most used Java framework. This article talks about the top 6 most demanding Java frameworks of 2021. This article includes backend frameworks as well as front-end frameworks.
The Spring Framework is an application framework and inversion of control container for the Java platform.
The framework’s core features can be used by any Java application, but there are extensions for building web applications on top of the Java EE (Enterprise Edition) platform.
Although the framework does not impose any specific programming model, it has become popular in the Java community as an addition to the Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) model. The Spring Framework is open source.
Hibernate is an object–relational mapping tool for the Java programming language. It provides a framework for mapping an object-oriented domain model to a relational database.
Hibernate handles object–relational impedance mismatch problems by replacing direct, persistent database accesses with high-level object handling functions.
Hibernate’ s primary feature is mapping from Java classes to database tables, and mapping from Java data types to SQL data types. Hibernate also provides data query and retrieval facilities.
It generates SQL calls and relieves the developer from the manual handling and object conversion of the result set.
Other than a few native libraries, everything is Java source that can be built on any supported platform with the included GWT Ant build files. It is licensed under the Apache License 2.0.
GWT emphasizes reusable approaches to common web development tasks, namely asynchronous remote procedure calls, history management, bookmarking, UI abstraction, internationalization, and cross-browser portability.
Jakarta Server Faces (JSF; formerly Java Server Faces) is a Java specification for building component-based user interfaces for web applications and was formalized as a standard through the Java Community Process being part of the Java Platform, Enterprise Edition.
JSF 2 uses Facelets as its default templating system. Other view technologies such as XUL or plain Java can also be employed. In contrast, JSF 1.x uses Java Server Pages (JSP) as its default templating system.
According to this report the global Java CMS software market was valued at US$ 1,328.0 million in 2019 and is projected to reach US$ 2,818.5 million by 2027; it is expected to grow at a CAGR of 10.2% from 2020 to 2027.
Apache Struts 1 is an open-source web application framework for developing Java EE web applications. It uses and extends the Java Servlet API to encourage developers to adopt a model–view–controller (MVC) architecture.
The Webwork framework spun off from Apache Struts aiming to offer enhancements and refinements while retaining the same general architecture of the original Struts framework.
Struts provides the controller (a servlet known as Action Servlet) and facilitates the writing of templates for the view or presentation layer (typically in JSP, but XML/XSLT and Velocity are also supported).
It is written in Scala and usable from other programming languages that are compiled to JVM Bytecode, e.g., Java. It aims to optimize developer productivity by using convention over configuration, hot code reloading and display of errors in the browser.
Play is heavily inspired by ASP.NET MVC, Ruby on Rails and Django and is like this family of frameworks. Play web applications can be written in Scala or Java, in an environment that may be less Java Enterprise Edition-centric.
Play uses no Java EE constraints. This can make Play simpler to develop compared to other Java-centric platforms.